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 Sports Massage
Post Event Guidelines

Post Event treatments are done immediately after an event, usually within 1-2 hours.  The goal of the session is to flush the tissue of the lactic acid and other by products of metabolism. The intent is to cool down the body and return it to homeostasis.  Muscle tension, cramping, and inflammation are also addressed.  Remember anyone competing in an event usually gives it their all in terms of effort and are left extremely fatigued.  Massage can reduce the recovery time of such an effort.

Ask the Athelete these questions to assess the condition of the person:

  1. How much water have you had since the event?
  2. How did you do in the event?
  3. Are you hurt or feeling tension anywhere?
  4. What do you want worked on?
  5. Do you feel hot/cold?
  6. Is there another event after this?


Treatment Suggestions:

  1. Use light draining strokes moving toward the heart: concentrate on moving fluid out of there.
  2. Use jostling or vibration
  3. Use general compression
  4. Start lightly and gradually apply more pressure
  5. Use gymnastics to assess the joint range of motion: Do Not Do active resistive exercises on tired muscles
  6. Use gentle compressions and light circular friction to aid in circulation and reduce spasming
  7. Use effleurage and pettrissage for lymph drainage
  8. You may not be able to use oil or lotion so keep that in mind.


Things to watch for during Post Event Treatments:
Hyperthermia
Definition: When the rate of heat production exceeds that of heat loss for a sufficient period of time, resulting from inadequate fluid replacement or from failure of the thermoregulatory systems of the body
Heat Exhaustion
Signs/Symptoms: Headache, nausea, hair erection on upper arms and chest, chills, unsteadiness, fatigue, skin cool and pale, sweating, dizziness, thirst

Treatment: Refer to medical aid unit to be placed in a cool environment and allowed to "sip" water.

Heat Stroke- Failure of the thermoregulatory systems: Extreme Emergency
Signs/Symptoms: incoherent speech, acute confusion, aggressiveness, rapid unconsciousness, absence of sweating (ocaisionally sweating), weakness, irrational behavior

Treatment:  Refer to Medical Unit : Decrease the body temperature immediately with cold compresses to the head and neck, alcohol rubs, place in cool environment
 
 

Thermal Stress Conditions:

Hypothermia-  the rate of heat production is exceeded by heat loss: unable to maintain adequate core temperature: can be worse on cool, wet windy days.

Signs/Symptoms:  shivering, euphoria, appearance of intoxication:  shivering may stop as core temperature drops even more.  Lethargy, muscle weakness followed by disorientation, hallucination, combative behavior, unconsciousness

Treatment:  Refer to Medical aid unit:  Restore body warmth with protective covering and surface friction.  Remove wet clothing and move to warm environment.
 
 

Cramps
Definition:  complete muscle spasm without complete contraction of the fibers accompanied by intense pain
Causes: fatigue, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance ( calcium, potassium, magnesium), muscle strain, injury

Treatment: Bring origin and insertion of muscle closer together. Avoid further spasm.  Direct pressure may also help. Ice massage, replace fluids and electrolytes.
 
 

 
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