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Pathology for Massage Therapists


Kidney Disease
Definition: Many types of diseases; impaired kidney function
Causes: exposure to drugs, toxins, chemicals, poisons
Signs/Symptoms: edema, excess protein in urine, chills, fever, abdominal pain, back pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, groin pain
Indications: Massage for stress reduction
Contraindications: Work with physician

Kidney Stone
Definition: accumulation of mineral salts that may lodge in the urinary tract
Causes: high intake of foods with oxalic acid (eggs, fish), high intake of fatty foods, dehydration, high intake of calcium or calcium absorption problem.
Signs/Symptoms: pain radiating from the upper back to the lower abdomen and groin, frequent urination, blood in urine, absence of urine formation, flulike symptoms
Indications: Massage for increase in circulation and detoxification
Contraindications: Refer to appropriate health care practitioner

Definition: abnormal increased convexity of the thoracic spine; rounded shoulders, rounded upper back
Causes: weakness in psoas, tightness in pecs and abdominals, weakness in rhomboids, poor self image, poor posture, shortness in SCM and Scalenes
Indications: Massage to realign posture. Be sure to look at whole body and how it is affected or is affecting posture.
Contraindications: Removing kyphosis too quickly may cause more pain.

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