Pathology for Massage Therapists
Definition: a malignant
growth or disease of the blood, connective tissue, bones, lymphatic system
factors, diet, alcohol consumption, high fat diets, low fiber diets, free
many to mention; bruising, enlarged lymph nodes, sores that do not heal,
weight loss, fatigue, low back pain, indigestion, lump or tumor under skin
information is contradictory on whether massage is ok or not. I believe
it is. It will assist in cleansing, relaxing, oxygenating the tissues,
and keep touch in the persons life. It may help reduce pain, stress, and
Is thought to spread tumors to other parts of the body. Consult with
referring physician and client get permission from both. Refer to Naturopath
and/or acupuncturist for immune support, cleansing and nutritional counseling.
Steve Dunn's Alternative Cancer Treatment pages
in tendon sheaths in the carpal tunnel that compresses the median nerve
in the wrist (supplies sensation to the thumb, forefinger, middle finger
and half of ring finger)
of carpal bones, bone spurs, sustained wrist flexion, inflammatory arthritis,
water retention, tendinitis, repetitive stress syndrome, misalignment of
hands while performing repetitive tasks such as computer work, carpentry,
Other injuries to the neck, shoulder, wrist, may be present. Factors that
increase chances of getting carpal tunnel include menopause, pregnancy,
Raynaud's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus.
numbness and faint tingling to excruciating pain and atrophy of the muscles
of the thumb; reduced fine motor skills, burning, tingling, numbness in
the thumb and 1st three fingers (never the little finger ); feels like
pins and needles, falling asleep, weakening of the thumb; symptoms often
worse at night or in the morning when circulation is reduced. Pain
may spread to forearm and shoulder; symptoms may be confused with thoracic
outlet syndrome or may be due to ulnar nerve entrapment in elbow. Tap on
wrist nerve to elicit symptoms. Diagnosis is through a nerve conduction
is necessary to heal this condition. Check alignment of shoulder,
elbow and wrist. Release adhesions in forearm flexors, skin rolling.
Retinaculum release at wrist. Stretching, posture and ergonomics should
be addressed. Muscles involved are the Flexor Digitorum Superficialis,
Flexor Digitorum Profundus, Flexor Pollicis Longus and Pronator Quadratus
Refer to physician for diagnosis to determine if it is neuritis or neuralgia.
Naturopath can recommend supplements such as B6 to reduce water retention
and other anti-inflammatories and reduce oxalic acid consumption. Acupuncture
of connected boils
Causes: same as boils
ok, may assist healing
Avoid inflamed area and direct pressure on carbuncle
of motor disorders
Causes: damage to
motor areas of brain; could be inutero, during birth or infancy; May be
due to mother having German measles, radiation: temporary oxygen deprivation
in birth or hydrocephalus in infancy
to be mentally retarded but are usually more capable than they appear;
Indications: massage for
Check with physician
Cerbrovascular Accidents (CVA/Stroke)
to the brain due to lack of oxygen.
embolisms (blood clot, air bubble, or debris from inflammation), intercerebral
hemorrhage( rupture of vessel in the pia matter or brain)
or paralysis, headache, numbness, blurred or double vision, blurred speech,
confusion, dizziness, difficulty speaking or understanding; usually affecting
one side of the body. People at risk usually have high blood
pressure, smoke, high cholesterol, high alcohol consumption, obese, diabetes,
ok for recovery; stress reduction
Work with physician : refer to appropriate health care practitioner for
diet and lifestyle modifications and treatment of underlying conditions.
May be on blood thinner medications. Acupuncture has assisted in recovery
of speech, motor function.
Chronic fatigue syndrome
fatigue that does not resolve with bed rest.
Causes: may be linked
to Epstein-Barr virus, immune system problem, anemia, chronic mercury poisoning
from dental fillings, hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism, candida overgrowth,
sleep problems, poor nutrition, stress, poor nutrition.
muscles and joints, anxiety , depression, fever, headaches, intestinal
problems, irritability, loss of appetite, muscle spasms, upper respiratory
infections that reoccur, sore throat, swollen glands, temporary memory
loss, sleep disturbances, fatigue.
to relieve stress and muscle pain.
Fever. Check medications for possible contraindications; Refer to appropriate
health care practitioner for diet and lifestyle changes.
See also fibromyalgia
Cirrhosis of the liver
inflammatory disease that results in hardening and scarring of liver cells.
alcohol consumption, viral hepatitis, malnutrition and chronic inflammation.
or diarrhea, fever, upset stomach, dull heavy ache in upper right quadrant
of abdomen, fatigue, weakness, poor appetite, weight loss, enlarged liver,
vomiting, red palms, jaundice, anemia, bruising.
for stress reduction and detoxification
Work with Physicians supervision in advanced stages
Colitis ( ulcerative colitis)
of mucous membranes of large intestine and colon
Causes: May be stress
induced, poor eating habits, food allergies, bacteria.
bleeding, diverticula formation, pain, gas, bloating, hardening of stools
for stress reduction; vibration over abdomen if allowed
Chronic conditions need direct supervision of physician. Refer to appropriate
health care practitioner for diet, lifestyle, stress reduction and supplements.
tumor in colon
Causes: Poor diet
lacking in fiber and calcium, polyps, constipation, build up of toxins
bleeding, blood in stool, changes in bowel habits
permission of client; assist in cleansing.
Work with referral from appropriate health care practitioner. Refer
to Naturopath/Acupuncturist/Chiropractor for support. Caution if
colostomy bag present.
Congestive Heart Failure
side of heart fails to function and pump blood effectively
accumulates in the lungs, labored breathing after even mild exertion, edema
in ankles and feet
assist in removing excess fluids
Work with physician supervision; client may not be able to lay supine.
of conjunctiva, the membrane that lines the eyelid and wraps around to
cover most of the white of the eye
infection, injury, allergies, exposure to irritants, viral (highly contagious)
swollen and blood shot, itchy and irritated, membrane filled with pus;
eyes often stick together after being shut for awhile
Chamomile compresses, hot compresses
Avoid affected area; May be highly contagious! Refer to physician
and/or painful elimination of waste through the large bowel
movement of bowels, hard, compacted dry stool, making elimination painful
fiber and fluid intake, inadequate exercise, muscle disorders, bowel diseases,
poor diet, iron supplements, drugs, pregnancy, metabolic disturbances
can lead to appendicitis, bad breath, depression, diverticulitis, fatigue,
headaches, indigestion, varicose veins
over abdomen to stimulate peristalsis: May be related to medication; Recommend
extra water intake
Refer to appropriate health care practitioner for nutritional counseling.
If mass or obstruction present, refer immediately to physician.
Definition: internal bleeding
Causes: trauma to soft tissue
pain; severe may have damage to periosteum of bone which could lead to
ossification of muscle tissue
Indications: follow general
treatment goals for stage of inflammation, ice compress, drainage in sub-acute
stage, reduce muscle guarding and spasm
to Physician if myositis ossificans is present
of the skin in response to contact with irritant
to chemicals, perfumes, cosmetics, plants
flaking, thickening of skin, itching
Ok. Avoid any inflamed areas. Avoid use of scented oils or
Make sure it is not a contagious irritant such as poison ivy or oak
contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.
Causes: Spasm, paralysis,
fibrosis, or tissue ischemia, neurological damage, immobilization of area.
to be stretched passively
to treat fibrosis and ischemia, lengthen muscles: Gentle stretching or
Do Not stretch past resistance; When due to nerve damage contraindicated.
eclampsia, meningitis, tetanus, poisoning, malnutrition, cervical disease,
toxemia, insufficient calcium in diet, food poisoning
Refer to physician to determine cause
Overgrowth of skin usually on hands and feet
Causes: form in response
to repeated pressure or contact, bacterial infection, misalignment of foot,
improper diet with heavy intake of fats, sugars causing imbalances in acid/alkaline
look at posture and realign areas to reduce stress: castor oil
or epsom salt poultices
Avoid any inflamed areas.
and ulceration of the digestive tract usually chronic and long lasting
Causes: viral, bacteria,
stress, food allergies, free radical damage, lack of Vitamin C and/or E
diarrhea, pain in abdomen, fever, malabsorption, loss of energy, anemia,
headaches, vomiting, bowel obstructions
Ok; stress reduction and detoxification
Work under supervision of Naturopath, Acupuncturist, Physician
disorder of a gene that gives instructions for a protein; affects exocrine
glands, pancreas, sweat glands, digestive and respiratory systems
wheezing, coughing, difficulty breathing, recurrent lung infections, malnutrition,
excessive salt in sweat glands
Ok; Loosen mucus in lungs with percussion
Work with Physician, Naturopath, Acupuncturist; Caution - May be on steroids
of the bladder
Causes: infection of bacteria,
clamydia; Occurs more in women
of urination, painful burning urination, blood in urine
to Naturopath that uses homeopathic remedies and natural treatments such
as cranberry, colloidal silver, goldenseal, vitamin C; Refer to appropriate
health care provider.
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