Explorations in the Theory and Practice
American Oriental Bodywork Therapy Association
Alexander Technique -Developed by F. Mathis Alexander (1869-1955) an Australian actor in the early 1900's. Alexander developed the technique to assist in voice projection as he had lost his voice on stage before an audience. Doctor's treatments failed, so he began investigating what he might be doing that brings it on. He found that he tightened certain neck muscles when he talked which he found to be damaging to his voice. Alexander believed our natural functioning is impeded by faulty habitual patterns of thought and movement which are transmitted via the nervous system to the musculature causing inappropriate tension and distortion in the musculo-skeletal system. According to Alexander, all movement flows from one basic movement- the lengthening of the spine. It is not a system of exercises, but rather a learning process in which the student becomes able to identify and inhibit the faulty patterns. Training to become a teacher is 3 years.
Anma massage- general form of Chinese Qigong massage which uses 361 energy points or (tsubos). "an" means press: "mo" means rub; "anma" means massage.
AMMA Therapy - (translation: Push,
Pull) Developed by Tina Sohn. The technique uses deep tissue,
friction and touch along the meridians to stimulate healing. Tina Sohn
has discovered some powerful energetic points. The therapy also uses detoxification,
herbs, vitamins and therapeutic exercises.
Applied Kinesiology (AK) - (not to be confused with traditional academic kinesiolgy- the study of how muscles move) Discovered by George Goodheart, a chiropractor in Detroit MI in 1964. AK uses muscle testing to evaluate and restore balance to the body.
Muscle testing evaluates the quality of the muscle response not the strength. Muscle groups share energy pathways with internal organs and therefore
every organ dysfunction appears in related muscles. Muscle
weakness can be a result of misalignment, nutritional deficiencies and
allergies. AK also uses nutrition, manipulation, diet, acupressure, exercise
Aromatherapy- The use of essential oils which are extracted from herbs, flowers, resins, woods and roots which produce a
therapeutic aroma to stimulate healing. Aromatherapy may
be used with massage or done alone. The quality of the oil is what
makes the difference. Oils that are distilled from wild or organic plants
are the best and also most expensive. Essential oils are often diluted
with other filler substances to make them more affordable and hence
less effective. Some of the effects that oils produce include relaxation,
energy stimulation, immune system support, hormone stimulation and increased
circulation. Many oils are also found to be anti-bacterial and anti-viral.
A good aromatherapist will have many years of training and experience.
There is much to know about which species of plants are best for what situations.
If someone is saying they are doing aromatherapy, check their schooling,
credentials and experience.
Aston-Patterning- Developed in 1977
by Judith Aston, a former Rolfer who developed structural patterning for
the Rolf Institute. She has a background in dance and movement education,
but was really drawn to bodywork because of 2 auto accidents she was in.
Combines movement coaching, education, bodywork, ergonomics and fitness
to unwind the body. The bodywork is a form of myofascial release
and the sessions are followed up with movement to maintain the changes.
The treatment is done with the clients body in the position of the least
amount of stress. Her theory is based on the idea that the body is not
symmetrical as Ida Rolf supports. Rather, the body is asymmetrical
with internal organs that are on different sides and muscle strength is
different on each side due to brain dominance. The work attempts
to respect the asymmetry and allow it to move rather than try to change
it. The certification program has a three level format that includes movement
Ayurvedic Massage- Ayurvedic is
a system of health and medicine used in India. Ayurveda means "life knowledge"
or "right living". The basic theory is that there are there basic bodytypes
or tridoshas. There are three different types of massage for each tridosha.
They have a system similar to meridians called Marmas. There are about
100 of these points and are said to be the source of the vital life force.
There is one type of massage that is part of detoxification system from
India called Pancha Karma, in which the body is cleansed inside and out
to remove toxins. Most use Sesame oil which has a heating and stimulating