Explorations in the Theory and Practice 
of Massage Therapy and Bodywork 

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 Medical Treatments

Arthritis (Osteoarthritis)

Definition: Chronic degeneration articular cartilage of synovial (movable) joints, primarily affecting weight bearing joints.
(sometimes referred to as degenerative joint disease)
Other types of arthritis: Rheumatoid, spondylosis, gout, systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, infectious arthritis, kawasaki syndrome.

Causes: improper posture that causes extra stress to joints, injuries resulting in toxic build up in joints,  leading to wearing away of the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones.  Dehydration may be a factor, as may nutritional deficiencies, hormonal imbalances, improper digestion, increased intake of protein, phosphorus. Possible genetic predisposition. Bacterial, viral or fungal infection of joint. Calcium metabolism may be inefficient.  (caffeine, sugar, phosphorus deplete levels of calcium from bones)

Signs/Symptoms: stiffness usually worse in the morning or after periods of inactivity; hypertonic muscles or weakness due to rigidity of joints; cartilage damage from injuries

Treatment Goals: decrease pressure/tension on joint; decrease pain; increase range of motion, increase circulation for removal of toxins.
Techniques: traction, vibration, hydrotherapy (heat), moderate exercise to increase synovial fluid in joints, gentle stretching and gymnastics ok.

Cautions: Do not work on inflamed joints.

Home ] [ Arthritis ] Sciatica ] Tendinitis/Tenosynovitis ] Plantarfasciitis ] Thoracic Outlet Syndrome ] Muscle strains/ sprains ] Shin splints ] Scoliosis ] Headaches ] Fibromyalgia ] Carpal tunnel ] Cancer ]



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